E-Book DRM and the chaos of multiple formats can limit reading, especially for people with disabilities, who may have e-book readers with specialized features they need for access. This presentation surveys several e-book formats and readers and their capabilities and demonstrates free conversion t
Depending on where you buy your e-books or what e-reader you use, you may be subject to ?vendor lock-in? ? the format or method of encryption (DRM) may prevent you from using the book you purchased on your other devices or with other e-book reader software. Adobe, Apple, and Amazon each have their own encryption schemes. We also are seeing a proliferation of formats: Amazon uses AZW (encrypted KF8 or Mobi); Blio uses XPS; stores that use Adobe DRM may give you PDF or EPUB 2; disability-oriented repositories usually supply DAISY; and the situation gets more fragmented with online-only (?cloud?) books or one-off formats, especially prevalent with digital textbooks. All too often, we face a situation where DRM and format-proliferation limit reading ? especially for people with disabilities, who may have e-book readers with specialized features they need for access. This presentation surveys several formats and readers and their capabilities and demonstrates free conversion tools you can use to make your e-books more portable and accessible, while noting some of the copyright issues that may be involved.
Mr. Kramer has worked in assistive technology, disability, information systems and accessible media for more than 25 years. From 1997-2012 he worked with Disability Services at CU-Boulder, establishing the Assistive Technology Lab, which serves students with disabilities needing specialized access. He is founder and coordinator for the Accessing Higher Ground Conference: Accessible Media, Web & Technology, and teaches courses on Universal Design at CU-Boulder.