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Voice - to - Text Services -- A Potpourri of Communication

Proposal No: 216

Bios & Handouts


Disability Area:          

Topic Area:                

Length of Session (in hours): 1Format: Lecture Expertise Level: All Levels Type of session: General Conference

Summary of Session

This seminar will cover the topics of CART, captioning, and Text Interpreting. A survey of existing users will be the basis of the seminar highlighting the successes and discussing the areas that have been known to be weak.


A group of disability coordinators from various schools around the country have been asked to highlight elements that have created successful experiences with voice-to-text services as well as elements which were not successful. Areas such as accuracy, ease of use, equipment and student training are discussed. Some schools chose to give students a 'bag of equipment' and say go for it. This is contrasted with the educational institutions who provide all the equipment and an assistant to the student who sets up all services. One can learn from both strategies and take the key elements of successful programs and employ them with their stakeholders, regardless of budgetary limitations.


  1. Participants will be able to identify 3 elements of a successful voice-to-text program.
  2. Participants will articulate the different between CART, Text Interpreting and Sign Language.
  3. Participants will be able to determine which type of service is appropriate for which students.

Speaker Bio(s)

Howard Kramer

Mr. Kramer has worked in assistive technology, disability, information systems and accessible media for more than 25 years. From 1997-2012 he worked with Disability Services at CU-Boulder, establishing the Assistive Technology Lab, which serves students with disabilities needing specialized access. He is founder and coordinator for the Accessing Higher Ground Conference: Accessible Media, Web & Technology, and teaches courses on Universal Design at CU-Boulder.