Accessible VR and XR

Scheduled at 3:30pm in Plaza Court 2 on Wednesday, November 17.



  • Sheri Byrne-Haber, Accessibility Architect, VMware

Session Details

  • Length of Session: 1-hr
  • Format: Lecture
  • Expertise Level: Beginner
  • Type of session: General Conference


How to make Virtual Reality (VR) and eXtended Reality (XR) accessible for any learning situation. XR and VR are becoming more popular methods of education due to the higher levels of learner engagement. However, with 21 % of college students identifying as having a disability, learners with disabilities will be excluded if the XR challenges identified by the W3C and Web Content Accessibility Guidelines are not adapted to the VR/XR environment.


In September 2020, the W3C relesed a note on considerations for making Extended Reality (XR) and Virtual reality (VR) accessible. Some of the new XR/VR guidelines are applications or extensions of existing guidelines such as captions and having non-graphical equivalent. Others, such as voice interfaces and motion reduction are new to the technology. This presentation will review these new guidelines, discuss the future of XR/VR accessibility with WCAG 3.0, and discuss why it is essential for all new forms of technology be accessible.


  1. New technologies, including VR/XR, must consider how to apply existing WCAG guidelines to that new technology. This includes captions, non-graphical descriptions, and keyboard access.
  2. New technology, including VR/XR, must consider proposing new WCAG guidelines for adoption.
  3. All forms of training, including new technology like VR/XR, must have at least one path that is equivalent and fully accessible.

Disability Areas

All Areas

Topic Areas

Accessible Course Design, Accessible Educational Materials, Assistive Technology, Uncategorized, Web/Media Access

Speaker Bio(s)

Sheri Byrne-Haber

Sheri Byrne-Haber is a prominent global subject matter expert in the fields of disability and accessibility. She is best known for launching digital accessibility programs at multiple Fortune 200 companies, including McDonald’s, Albertsons, and VMware, as well as consulting on government and education accessibility. Sheri’s award-winning Medium blog summarizes legal cases and issues facing people implementing accessibility programs, with over 250,000 readers since its launch. Sheri is a frequent panelist and speaker at accessibility related conferences and an active member of several accessibility committees and non-profits, helping drive and communicate the evolution of accessibility standards.